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Culture and History of Sithonia in Chalkidiki
The Sithonia Peninsula in Chalkidiki has a rich archaeological and historical background. The first settlers of the Peninsula were the Chalkideans at the end of the 8th century B.C. The modern visitor of Chalkidiki should not omit a visit to the Petralona Cave with its Anthropological Museum at a distance of just one (1) km from the eponymous village at the Thermaikos Gulf, famous for its rich prehistoric findings of significant paleontological value and the impressive stalactite decorations. The Museum of Traditional Vessels and Tools and the Folklore Museum of Vithynia at Nea Moudania offer a gallery of significant exhibits of specialized interest. For anyone interested in archaeological quests, the Archaeological site of Kallithea, ancient Skioni and ancient Mendi at the peninsula of Kassandra, the renovated archaeological site of Olynthos with the Archaeological Museum at Toronaios, and some fortified members of Ancient Toroni in Sithonia, at the locations of Vigla and Lykithos castle are some of the most important places of historical interest in the area. Ancient Stageira, the homeland of Aristotle, on the peninsula of Liotopi, on the eastern coast of Chalkidiki and the Archaeological Museum of Polygyros are perhaps the most significant archaeological sights of the prefecture.

The history of Sithonia, Chalkidiki
According to the historians, the history of Sithonia seems to start from the antiquity. Various archaeological findings testify that the area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Specifically, there were settlements in the contemporary area of Elia, Agios Georgios, Kastri and Lagomandra during the Classical and Roman periods. Sithonia, as mythology has it, took its name from Sithon, king of the Thracian tribe of the Odomontes, son of Poseidon (god) and Ossa. Sithones, according to the historians, was a tribe of Phrygian origin and were settled in the 8th century B.C. Important cities of Sithonia in antiquity were: Sermyli, Fyskella, Singos, Parthenopolis, Galipsos, Toroni, Derra, Ampelos, Sarti, Piloros, Assa and Sithoni.

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Lago Beach hotel

Lagomandra, Sithonia, Chalkidiki
Greece Postcode 63088
Tel. +30 23750 72217 – 8, 23750 72226 – 7
Fax: +30 23750 72009
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

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